Amaral And Phai: Legacies Of Modern Art



Modern Art

noun

It is a distinctive art form with a marked variation from traditional orthodox art styles. The origins of this movement were laid down during the 19th and 20th centuries. The chief objective behind was to express the artists' views of the modern world, keeping aside traditions and practices that defined the views of the previous leaders of their fields.


Two different worlds, years apart, yet their modernism had much in common and shifted the art world towards a new dawn. Today the 1st of September celebrates the birth of two modern artists Bui Xuan Phai and Tarsila do Amaral.


Tarsila de Aguiar do Amaral

Tarsila de Aguiar do Amaral


  • Was born on 1st of September 1886 in Sao Paulo, Brazil.

  • Parents were wealthy coffee plantation owners. They encouraged her to continue higher studies, even though that was not the usual norm in those days.

  • Studied in Barcelona and trained under artist Pedro Alexandrino Borges. She also attended the Academie Julian in Paris and trained under various prominent artists.

  • Joined a group known as "Grupo Dos Cinco" comprising four other prominent modernist artists who aimed at bringing about change in the conservative artistic environment of Brazil and introduce modern art.

  • Travelled throughout Europe and discovered Cubism, Expressionism and Futurism. Finally, she returned to Brazil with the aim to be the country's painter.

  • Considered one of the leading Latin-American modernist artist, who portrayed Brazilian nationalistic views in modern art style.

  • Died on 17th January 1973 at her hometown.

  • Artworks express the warm Brazilian character and its tropical exuberance.

  • Had under her name 230 paintings, hundreds of drawings, illustrations, prints and murals; and hugely successful exhibitions.

  • Famous works include An Angler (1920), A Negra (1923), Cuca (1924), Landscape with Bull (1925), O Ovo (1928), Abaporu (1928), Lake (1928), Antropofagia (1929), Sol poente (1929), Segundo Class (1933), Retrato de Vera Vicente Azevedo (1937), Purple Landscape with 3 Houses and Mountains (1969–72).


Bui Xuan Phai

Bui Xuan Phai


  • Was born on 1st of September 1920, in the old city of Hanoi, Vietnam.

  • Graduated from the Faculty of Painting, Indochina College of Fine Arts, 1941-45.

  • Taught at the Hanoi Fine Arts School, 1956-57.

  • Joined the Nhan Van- Giai Pham Movement, 1956; its sole purpose was to seek liberty for the artists to express their political views.

  • Had to labour in a carpentry shop in Nam Dinh as he was asked to resign from the Hanoi Fine Arts School. Later he had to earn his daily bread by drawing illustrations and funny pictures in the newspapers under pseudonyms.

  • Artworks were influenced by Expressionism and Abstract Expressionism.

  • Had his first solo exhibition in 1984, where he was widely appreciated.

  • Recognised as one of the biggest influence on modern Vietnamese art.

  • Died on 24th June 1988

  • Famous works include Old Quater of Hanoi (1972), Resistance War in Hanoi (1966), Cow cart in old town (1972), Deserted street (1981), Cheo stage (1968), Dress up for Cheo stage (1968), Rowing couple (1967) and Before the show (1984).

  • Artworks consisted mainly of oil paintings on canvas.

  • Had won the Ho Chi Minh Prize (1996), National Fine Arts Exhibition Award (1946, 1980), Leipzig Graphics Award (Germany), Capital Fine Arts Award (1969, 1981, 1983, 1984), Medal for the Cause of Fine Arts (1997).


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Image Source ~ Wikiart

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